With Surrealist compositions of organic forms, flattened picture planes, and boldly rendered lines, Joan Miró left his mark on the 20th century and beyond. Born in Barcelona in 1893, Miró attended business and art school, focusing on art after suffering a nervous breakdown. He received early support from the art dealer, José Dalmau who gave him his first solo show at the Galerie la Licorne in Paris, 1921.
In his long, creative life, Miró experimented with Dada techniques, the Dutch Master style, Cubism and Surrealism using mediums that ranged from sculpture, collage, oil paint and lithographs. Music and literature were his muses and art leaders like Picasso and Ernst, his collaborators. After WWII, Miró focused primarily on graphic media and printmaking, which engaged him until his death. His works are more sought-after than ever by collectors and have inspired generations of artists, particularly the American abstract expressionists.
“The spectacle of the sky overwhelms me. I'm overwhelmed when I see, in an immense sky, the crescent of the moon, or the sun. There, in my pictures, tiny forms in huge empty spaces. Empty spaces, empty horizons, empty plains - everything which is bare has always greatly impressed me.” —Joan Miró, 1958, quoted in Twentieth-Century Artists on Art